Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, also known as Stein-Leventhal syndrome- is an endocrine disorder. This medical condition afflicts women across all races and all nationalities. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is a term used to describe a medical condition related to women. In this condition the ovaries develop more follicles for each month.
In normal cases, about five follicles start to mature in case of each menstrual cycle. Of this it is one follicle which contains an egg. It is this egg which is released at the time of ovulation. But in case of a polycystic ovary, it leads to the gradual maturing of twice as many follicles than the normal amount. These follicles enlarge and ripen. However, they do not go on to release an egg. It has been estimated that 22- 23 percent women have been inflicted with the problem of polycystic ovaries.
Causes of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
The causes which have been attributed to the Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome are in the nature of the following. The root cause of the problem can be traced to the fact that there is probably a resistance in the body to the hormone insulin. This means that more levels of insulin are required than normal level to regulate the level of sugar found in the body. It is here that the problem starts. The extra output of insulin, leads to a disturbance in the normal hormonal balance found in the body. It is in fact this hormonal balance which helps in the regularization of the menstrual cycle. The smooth pattern however, gets off-set in case of a complication rises in the body’s tolerance of insulin.
At the same time, too much luteinising hormone (LH) is produced as compared to the follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). This in turn, leads the follicles to produce more of the male hormone- testosterone. The adrenal gland also starts producing increased amounts of testosterone as well. The increased level of testosterone prevents ovulation from taking place. Thereby, the Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome can also be one of the Causes of Infertility. Thereby, this condition leads to an impediment to pregnancy.
It can be said here that there is no cause of worry, if you are not being able to conceive. Approach your gynecologist for help. Start all treatment suggested by your doctor only.